Bacillus subtilis (strain 168)
Catalyzes the formation of UDP-glucose from glucose-1-phosphate and UTP. This is an intermediate step in the biosynthesis of diglucosyl-diacylglycerol (Glc2-DAG), i.e. the predominant glycolipid found in B.subtilis membrane, which is also used as a membrane anchor for lipoteichoic acid (LTA). Has a role in the biosynthesis of all phosphate-containing envelope polymers, since UDP-glucose serves as a glucosyl donor not only for the biosynthesis of LTA but also for wall teichoic acids (WTAs). Is required for biofilm formation. This is likely due to another role of UDP-glucose, which might also act as a metabolic signal regulating biofilm formation or may be involved in some unknown biosynthetic pathway essential for biofilm formation, e.g. the synthesis of an exopolysaccharide.
Belongs to the UDPGP type 2 family.