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GDF11

Gene
GDF11
Protein
Growth/differentiation factor 11
Organism
Homo sapiens
Length
407 amino acids
Function
Secreted signal that acts globally to specify positional identity along the anterior/posterior axis during development. May play critical roles in patterning both mesodermal and neural tissues and in establishing the skeletal pattern (By similarity). Signals through activin receptors type-2, ACVR2A and ACVR2B, and activin receptors type-1, ACVR1B, ACVR1C and TGFBR1 leading to the phosphorylation of SMAD2 and SMAD3 (PubMed:28257634).
Similarity
Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
Mass
45.091 kDa
Sequence
MVLAAPLLLGFLLLALELRPRGEAAEGPAAAAAAAAAAAAAGVGGERSSRPAPSVAPEPDGCPVCVWRQHSRELRLESIKSQILSKLRLKEAPNISREVVKQLLPKAPPLQQILDLHDFQGDALQPEDFLEEDEYHATTETVISMAQETDPAVQTDGSPLCCHFHFSPKVMFTKVLKAQLWVYLRPVPRPATVYLQILRLKPLTGEGTAGGGGGGRRHIRIRSLKIELHSRSGHWQSIDFKQVLHSWFRQPQSNWGIEINAFDPSGTDLAVTSLGPGAEGLHPFMELRVLENTKRSRRNLGLDCDEHSSESRCCRYPLTVDFEAFGWDWIIAPKRYKANYCSGQCEYMFMQKYPHTHLVQQANPRGSAGPCCTPTKMSPINMLYFNDKQQIIYGKIPGMVVDRCGCS

Gene
Gdf11
Protein
Growth/differentiation factor 11
Organism
Mus musculus
Length
405 amino acids
Function
Secreted signal that acts globally to specify positional identity along the anterior/posterior axis during development (PubMed:10391213). May play critical roles in patterning both mesodermal and neural tissues and in establishing the skeletal pattern. Signals through activin receptors type-2, ACVR2A and ACVR2B, and activin receptors type-1, ACVR1B, ACVR1C and TGFBR1 leading to the phosphorylation of SMAD2 and SMAD3 (PubMed:16845371, PubMed:12414726).
Similarity
Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
Mass
44.947 kDa
Sequence
MVLAAPLLLGFLLLALELRPRGEAAEGPAAAAAAAAAAAGVGGERSSRPAPSAPPEPDGCPVCVWRQHSRELRLESIKSQILSKLRLKEAPNISREVVKQLLPKAPPLQQILDLHDFQGDALQPEDFLEEDEYHATTETVISMAQETDPAVQTDGSPLCCHFHFSPKVMFTKVLKAQLWVYLRPVPRPATVYLQILRLKPLTGEGTAGGGGGGRRHIRIRSLKIELHSRSGHWQSIDFKQVLHSWFRQPQSNWGIEINAFDPSGTDLAVTSLGPGAEGLHPFMELRVLENTKRSRRNLGLDCDEHSSESRCCRYPLTVDFEAFGWDWIIAPKRYKANYCSGQCEYMFMQKYPHTHLVQQANPRGSAGPCCTPTKMSPINMLYFNDKQQIIYGKIPGMVVDRCGCS

Gene
Gdf11
Protein
Growth/differentiation factor 11
Organism
Rattus norvegicus
Length
405 amino acids
Function
Secreted signal that acts globally to specify positional identity along the anterior/posterior axis during development. May play critical roles in patterning both mesodermal and neural tissues and in establishing the skeletal pattern. Signals through activin receptors type-2, ACVR2A and ACVR2B, and activin receptors type-1, ACVR1B, ACVR1C and TGFBR1 leading to the phosphorylation of SMAD2 and SMAD3.
Similarity
Belongs to the TGF-beta family.
Mass
44.921 kDa
Sequence
MVLAAPLLLGFLLLALELRPRGEAAEGPAAAAAAAAAAAGVGGERSSRPAPSAAPEPDGCPVCVWRQHSRELRLESIKSQILSKLRLKEAPNISREVVKQLLPKAPPLQQILDLHDFQGDALQPEDFLEEDEYHATTETVISMAQETDPAVQTDGSPLCCHFHFSPKVMFTKVLKAQLWVYLRPVPRPATVYLQILRLKPLTGEGTAGGGGGGRRHIRIRSLKIELHSRSGHWQSIDFKQVLHSWFRQPQSNWGIEINAFDPSGTDLAVTSLGPGAEGLHPFMELRVLENTKRSRRNLGLDCDEHSSESRCCRYPLTVDFEAFGWDWIIAPKRYKANYCSGQCEYMFMQKYPHTHLVQQANPRGSAGPCCTPTKMSPINMLYFNDKQQIIYGKIPGMVVDRCGCS