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IGHM

Gene
Ighm
Protein
Immunoglobulin heavy constant mu
Organism
Mus musculus
Length
454 amino acids
Function
IgM antibodies play an important role in primary defense mechanisms. They have been shown to be involved in early recognition of external invaders like bacteria and viruses, cellular waste and modified self, as well as in recognition and elimination of precancerous and cancerous lesions (By similarity).
Mass
49.972 kDa
Sequence
SQSFPNVFPLVSCESPLSDKNLVAMGCLARDFLPSTISFTWNYQNNTEVIQGIRTFPTLRTGGKYLATSQVLLSPKSILEGSDEYLVCKIHYGGKNRDLHVPIPAVAEMNPNVNVFVPPRDGFSGPAPRKSKLICEATNFTPKPITVSWLKDGKLVESGFTTDPVTIENKGSTPQTYKVISTLTISEIDWLNLNVYTCRVDHRGLTFLKNVSSTCAASPSTDILTFTIPPSFADIFLSKSANLTCLVSNLATYETLNISWASQSGEPLETKIKIMESHPNGTFSAKGVASVCVEDWNNRKEFVCTVTHRDLPSPQKKFISKPNEVHKHPPAVYLLPPAREQLNLRESATVTCLVKGFSPADISVQWLQRGQLLPQEKYVTSAPMPEPGAPGFYFTHSILTVTEEEWNSGETYTCVVGHEALPHLVTERTVDKSTGKPTLYNVSLIMSDTGGTCY

Gene
IGHM
Protein
Immunoglobulin heavy constant mu
Organism
Homo sapiens
Length
453 amino acids
Function
Constant region of immunoglobulin heavy chains. Immunoglobulins, also known as antibodies, are membrane-bound or secreted glycoproteins produced by B lymphocytes. In the recognition phase of humoral immunity, the membrane-bound immunoglobulins serve as receptors which, upon binding of a specific antigen, trigger the clonal expansion and differentiation of B lymphocytes into immunoglobulins-secreting plasma cells. Secreted immunoglobulins mediate the effector phase of humoral immunity, which results in the elimination of bound antigens (PubMed:22158414, PubMed:20176268). The antigen binding site is formed by the variable domain of one heavy chain, together with that of its associated light chain. Thus, each immunoglobulin has two antigen binding sites with remarkable affinity for a particular antigen. The variable domains are assembled by a process called V-(D)-J rearrangement and can then be subjected to somatic hypermutations which, after exposure to antigen and selection, allow affinity maturation for a particular antigen (PubMed:17576170, PubMed:20176268). IgM antibodies play an important role in primary defense mechanisms. They have been shown to be involved in early recognition of external invaders like bacteria and viruses, cellular waste and modified self, as well as in recognition and elimination of precancerous and cancerous lesions. The membrane-bound form is found in the majority of normal B-cells alongside with IgD. Membrane-bound IgM induces the phosphorylation of CD79A and CD79B by the Src family of protein tyrosine kinases. It may cause death of cells by apoptosis. It is also found in soluble form, which represents about 30% of the total serum immunoglobulins where it is found almost exclusively as a homopentamer. After the antigen binds to the B-cell receptor, the secreted form is secreted in large amounts (PubMed:3137579, PubMed:16895553).
Mass
49.44 kDa
Sequence
GSASAPTLFPLVSCENSPSDTSSVAVGCLAQDFLPDSITFSWKYKNNSDISSTRGFPSVLRGGKYAATSQVLLPSKDVMQGTDEHVVCKVQHPNGNKEKNVPLPVIAELPPKVSVFVPPRDGFFGNPRKSKLICQATGFSPRQIQVSWLREGKQVGSGVTTDQVQAEAKESGPTTYKVTSTLTIKESDWLGQSMFTCRVDHRGLTFQQNASSMCVPDQDTAIRVFAIPPSFASIFLTKSTKLTCLVTDLTTYDSVTISWTRQNGEAVKTHTNISESHPNATFSAVGEASICEDDWNSGERFTCTVTHTDLPSPLKQTISRPKGVALHRPDVYLLPPAREQLNLRESATITCLVTGFSPADVFVQWMQRGQPLSPEKYVTSAPMPEPQAPGRYFAHSILTVSEEEWNTGETYTCVVAHEALPNRVTERTVDKSTGKPTLYNVSLVMSDTAGTCY