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AXR1

Gene
AXR1
Protein
NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 regulatory subunit AXR1
Organism
Arabidopsis thaliana
Length
540 amino acids
Function
Regulatory subunit of the dimeric ECR1-AXR1 E1 enzyme. E1 activates RUB1/NEDD8 by first adenylating its C-terminal glycine residue with ATP, thereafter linking this residue to the side chain of the catalytic cysteine, yielding a RUB1-ECR1 thioester and free AMP. E1 finally transfers RUB1 to the catalytic cysteine of RCE1. Plays an important role in auxin response (PubMed:8321287). Regulates the chromosomal localization of meiotic recombination by crossovers (COs) and subsequent synapsis, probably through the activation of a CRL4 complex (PubMed:25116939). Required for E3-mediated protein degradation in response to auxin, jasmonic acid and cold stress. Required for the COP1-COP10-CSN-mediated repression of photomorphogenesis in the dark (PubMed:12368504). May function redundantly with AXL1 in the RUB conjugating pathway (PubMed:17655650). Seems not to be functionally equivalent to AXL1 in vivo (PubMed:21311953).
Similarity
Belongs to the ubiquitin-activating E1 family. ULA1 subfamily.
Mass
60.035 kDa
Sequence
MQAVKRSRRHVEEEPTMVEPKTKYDRQLRIWGEVGQAALEEASICLLNCGPTGSEALKNLVLGGVGSITVVDGSKVQFGDLGNNFMVDAKSVGQSKAKSVCAFLQELNDSVNAKFIEENPDTLITTNPSFFSQFTLVIATQLVEDSMLKLDRICRDANVKLVLVRSYGLAGFVRISVKEHPIIDSKPDHFLDDLRLNNPWPELKSFVETIDLNVSEPAAAHKHIPYVVILVKMAEEWAQSHSGNLPSTREEKKEFKDLVKSKMVSTDEDNYKEAIEAAFKVFAPRGISSEVQKLINDSCAEVNSNSSAFWVMVAALKEFVLNEGGGEAPLEGSIPDMTSSTEHYINLQKIYLAKAEADFLVIEERVKNILKKIGRDPSSIPKPTIKSFCKNARKLKLCRYRMVEDEFRNPSVTEIQKYLADEDYSGAMGFYILLRAADRFAANYNKFPGQFDGGMDEDISRLKTTALSLLTDLGCNGSVLPDDLIHEMCRFGASEIHVVSAFVGGIASQEVIKLVTKQFVPMLGTYIFNGIDHKSQLLKL